Vertical farming is the practice of producing food on vertically inclined surfaces. A vertical system involves the cultivation of crops in controlled environments, where every parameter affecting their growth is closely monitored and tailored to their needs.

How vertical farms work? 

Vertical farming is considered a highly efficient and sustainable way of producing food. By using a controlled environment system, vertical farming can grow fresh, pest-free crops all year round. Automation is the key to this efficiency. Software, robotics and data science are some of the technologies used in vertical farms to monitor crops and create optimum growing conditions. This includes controlling temperature, humidity, CO2 and light.  Controlled environment agriculture like this helps to reduce the vertical farm’s environmental impact, eliminating the need for pesticides for example.

Why do we need vertical farms? 

The number of the world’s population is constantly growing. The United Nations estimates that we will have around 10 billion people by 2050, and we already use 80% of the world’s agricultural land. Doesn’t that sound like a challenge? The vertical farms are the key to success. We can eliminate weather-related crop risks by creating optimal growth conditions for the plants and thus supporting the development of a productive independence of the city. One of the biggest benefits of vertical farms is undoubtedly the reduction of the carbon footprint. Instead of growing fruit and vegetables on big farms and then transporting it over long distances in trucks and planes, vertical farming can supply local produce from neighbourhood buildings. This means less fuel is used and the food is fresher.